EQUINE PROTOZOAL MYELOENCEPHALITIS


EPM Terms

apicomplexa  A phylum of protozoa characterized by the presence of complex apical organelles generally consisting of a conoid that aids in penetrating host cells, rhoptries that possibly secrete a proteolytic enzyme, and subpellicular microtubules that may be related to motility.  www.online-medical-dictionary.org/

ataxia pronounced \ə-ˈtak-sē-ə, (ˈ)ā-\ , noun, an inability to coordinate voluntary muscular movements that is symptomatic of some nervous disorders.  www.Merriam-Webster.com/medical/ataxia 

blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a metabolic or cellular structure in the central nervous system (CNS) that restricts the passage of various chemical substances and microscopic objects (e.g. bacteria) between the bloodstream and the neural tissue itself, while still allowing the passage of substances essential to metabolic function (e.g. oxygen).  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood_brain_barrier

cell-mediated immunity is an immune response that does not involve antibodies or complement but rather involves the activation of macrophages, natural killer cells (NK), antigen-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocytes, and the release of various cytokines in response to an antigen. Historically, the immune system was separated into two branches: humoral immunity, for which the protective function of immunization could be found in the humor (cell-free bodily fluid or serum) and cellular immunity, for which the protective function of immunization was associated with cells. CD4 cells or helper T cells provide protection against different pathogens.  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cell-mediated_immunity

cerebrospinal o:href="http://www.merriam-webster.com/images/audio.gif" xmlns:v="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:vml"/>  pronounced \sə-ˌrē-brō-ˈspīn-əl, ˌser-ə-brō-\  adjective, of or relating to the brain and spinal cord or to these together with the cranial and spinal nerves that innervate voluntary muscles.  www.Merriam-Webster.com

leukocytes White blood cells (WBCs), or leukocytes (also spelled "leucocytes"), are cells of the immune system defending the body against both infectious disease and foreign materials. Five[1] different and diverse types of leukocytes exist, but they are all produced and derived from a multipotent cell in the bone marrow known as a hematopoietic stem cell. Leukocytes are found throughout the body, including the blood and lymphatic system.  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leukocytes

myeloencephalitis  A general term indicating inflammation of the BRAIN and SPINAL CORD, often used to indicate an infectious process, but also applicable to a variety of autoimmune and toxic-metabolic conditions. There is significant overlap regarding the usage of this term and ENCEPHALITIS in the literature.  www.online-medical-dictionary.org/

proprioception (pronounced / PRO-pree-o-SEP-shun/; from Latin proprius, meaning "one's own" and perception) is the sense of the relative position of neighbouring parts of the body.  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proprioceptive

protozoa  A subkingdom consisting of unicellular organisms that are the simplest in the animal kingdom. Most are free living. They range in size from submicroscopic to macroscopic. Protozoa are divided into seven phyla: SARCOMASTIGOPHORA; Labyrinthomorpha, APICOMPLEXA; MICROSPORA; Ascetospora, Myxozoa, and CILIOPHORA.  www.online-medical-dictionary.org/

 

file:///C:/Documents and Settings/Joanne Photograph Shepard MontanaLOC Russell Lee 1942